Naomi (Nem) Vaughan is a lecturer at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research in the School of Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia. Her research interests focus on possible societal response options to climate change; mitigation, adaptation, carbon removal or ‘negative emissions’ and ideas of climate engineering. Her focus is on these issues at a global scale and over a long time (e.g. centuries), how they are constrained by the Earth system (including climate-carbon cycle feed-backs) and how they interact with one another. Nem is an interdisciplinary scientist working from a physical science background with colleagues across a range of disciplines.