Duncan McLaren is currently a freelance consultant and researcher, and part-time PhD student at Lancaster University investigating the justice implications of climate geoengineering. From August 2017 he will be working on the UK-research council funded 'Avoiding Mitigation Deterrence in Greenhouse Gas Removal’ project at Lancaster Environment Centre. His research interests extend from cities and sustainability, to climate change, energy and geoengineering, with particular focus on the interactions of technology and behavior, and on issues of justice arising in these areas and the consequences for policy. He is currently an advisor to the Virgin Earth Challenge, for the development of a commercially viable, scalable and sustainable form of carbon removal, and a member of the Leverhulme Centre for Climate Change Mitigation International Advisory Board. Previously he worked for many years in environmental research and advocacy, most recently as Chief Executive of Friends of the Earth Scotland from 2003 until 2011, where he was influential in the adoption of world leading climate change legislation by the Scottish Parliament. In 2011 he moved to Sweden to spend more time with his children.