It is essential that geoengineering research is appropriately governed to ensure that any such research is conducted safely and in a socially responsible and equitable manner. This session will describe initial work by the Geoengineering Research Governance Project (GRGP) on developing a draft Code of Conduct for geoengineering research and will actively invite comment and discussion about potential next steps.
Anna-Maria is an Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Calgary. She is also an Associate Fellow at the Institute for Science, Innovation and Society (InSIS) at the University of Oxford. Her research interests generally lie in the field of public international law, focusing on the law of the sea, international environmental law, and international law and policy relating to science and technology.
In addition, she is currently completing her doctorate at the University of Bremen, where she was a research associate jointly in the Faculty of Law and the MARUM Centre for Marine Environmental Sciences from 2010 to 2013. Her research examines progressive developments in the regime for marine scientific research under the law of the sea, primarily with a view to understanding its legal and practical implications for progress on the protection and preservation of the marine environment.
Previously, Anna-Maria was a research associate at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) in Potsdam, Germany, working in an interdisciplinary research group studying the implications geoengineering interventions in the global environment, mainly for the aim of counteracting climate change. In connection with her research examining the regulation and governance of this array of technological proposals, she has acted as a consultant and provided information and advice to government departments, treaty bodies and intergovernmental organisations, NGOs, and scientific institutions on this topic.
Miranda Boettcher is a resesarch associate at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies in Potsdam, Germany. Her research interests include climate engineering governance and the interplay of language, knowledge and power in political decision-making processes. She has previously worked as a research analyst for Foresight Intelligence in Berlin, Germany, an investigator at the Mintz Group in San Francisco, USA, and a research assistant at the University of Heidelberg's Dpeartment of International Relations in Heidelberg, Germany.
Jane Flegal is a PhD candidate in the Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management at UC Berkeley, where she is also affiliated with the Center for Science, Technology, Medicine, and Society and the Energy & Environment Policy Lab. Her research focuses on science and technology policy, in particular on the politics of science and expertise in the governance of emerging technologies. Jane is a Visiting Fellow at the School for the Future of Innovation in Society at Arizona State University in fall 2017. Prior to beginning her PhD, Jane worked as a Senior Policy Analyst at the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, DC, where she led research on climate engineering and federal energy innovation policy. She earned a BA in Environmental Studies & Politics from Mount Holyoke College in 2009.
Tim Kruger manages the Oxford Geoengineering Programme (OGP), at the University of Oxford. The OGP assesses proposed geoengineering techniques and the governance mechanisms required to ensure that any research in this field is undertaken in a responsible way. He has investigated in detail one potential geoengineering technique, that of adding alkaline materials to the ocean as a way of enhancing its capacity to act as a carbon sink and to counteract the effects of ocean acidification. He is also a co-author of the Oxford Principles – a set of draft principles for the conduct of geoengineering research.
Tim is also the CEO of Origen Power, a start-up that is developing a technology that uses natural gas to generate electricity in a way that removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Janos Pasztor (Born in Budapest, 4.4.1955) is currently Senior Fellow and Executive Director of the Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative (C2G2) at the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. He has over 35 years of work experience in the areas of energy, environment, climate change and sustainable development. Before taking up his current assignment he was UN Assistant Secretary-General for Climate Change in New York under Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
Earlier, he was Acting Executive Director for Conservation (2014) and Policy and Science Director (2012-2014) at WWF International. He directed the UNSG’s Climate Change Support Team (2008-2010) and later was Executive Secretary of the UNSG’s High-level Panel on Global Sustainability (2010-2012). In 2007 he directed the Geneva-based UN Environment Management Group (EMG). During 1993-2006 he worked, and over time held many responsibilities at the Climate Change Secretariat (UNFCCC), initially in Geneva and later in Bonn.
His other assignments included: in the Secretariat of the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit ’92); Stockholm Environment Institute; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); Secretariat of the World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission); the Beijer Institute; and the World Council of Churches.
He has BSc and MSc degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).